Today is Friday, July 27, the 209th day of 2012. There are 157 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On July 27, 1942, during World War II, the First Battle of El Alamein in Egypt ended in a draw as Allied forces stalled the progress of Axis invaders. (The Allies went on to win a clear victory over the Axis in the Second Battle of El Alamein later that year.)

Glancing Backward Locally:

25 years ago - 1987

The 112th Troy Fair opens tonight. According to Alonzo Thomas, fair chairman, about 50,000 people are expected to attend throughout the week.

The 90-degree-plus heat and high humidity did not keep the 1,079 subscribers and co-owners of Claverack Rural Electric Cooperative from attending its annual meeting at the Wysox firemen's grounds over the weekend.

Chris McPherson, son of Edward and Lois McPherson of Monroeton, is one of 13 college students chosen nationally to participate in the University of Alabama chemistry department's Summer Undergraduate Research Participation Program.

50 years ago - 1962

Wyalusing clinched the championship of the Towanda Community Recreation Junior League last night by defeating the Rangers 8-7.

Senior Scout Nancy Dayton of Towanda is an official Roundup Girl commentator at the Girl Scout Senior Roundup in Vermont for station WELM. She will record interviews and impressions of the roundup, an encampment of 8,500 teenage girls. Her recordings will be heard on the air over the next few weeks.

Another business change went into effect in Ulster recently when Harry Tuttle took over the hardware business which has been operated by Earl Loomisi for several years. It will be known as the Harry and Ann Ruth Tuttle Hardware and Gift Center.

75 years ago - 1937

"The Tavern," which was noted a half century ago as the halfway mark between Williamsport and Elmira where the stage coaches used to stop to change horses, and is located about six miles below Canton, was re-opened to the public over the weekend.

Waldo Moulthrop, who for the past two years has been a member of the LeRaysville High School faculty, has been chosen as supervising principal in LeRaysville for the coming term.

The Canton Rod and Gun Club have received 200 ringnecked pheasant chicks from the game hatchery at Schwenksville. They will be raised by Frank Slade on his farm near Canton.

Elsewhere on this date:

In 1789, President George Washington signed a measure establishing the Department of Foreign Affairs, forerunner of the Department of State.

In 1861, Union Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan took command of the Army of the Potomac during the Civil War.

In 1866, Cyrus W. Field finished laying out the first successful underwater telegraph cable between North America and Europe (a previous cable in 1858 burned out after only a few weeks' use).

In 1909, during the first official test of the U.S. Army's first airplane, Orville Wright flew himself and a passenger, Lt. Frank Lahm, above Fort Myer, Va., for one hour and 12 minutes.

In 1921, Canadian researcher Frederick Banting and his assistant, Charles Best, succeeded in isolating the hormone insulin at the University of Toronto.

In 1942, Benny Goodman and his Orchestra and vocalist Peggy Lee recorded "Why Don't You Do Right" in New York for Columbia Records.

In 1953, the Korean War armistice was signed at Panmunjom, ending three years of fighting.

In 1960, Vice President Richard M. Nixon was nominated for president on the first ballot at the Republican national convention in Chicago.

In 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed the Kerner Commission to assess the causes of urban rioting, the same day black militant H. Rap Brown said in Washington that violence was "as American as cherry pie."

In 1974, the House Judiciary Committee voted 27-11 to adopt the first of three articles of impeachment against President Richard Nixon, charging he had personally engaged in a course of conduct designed to obstruct justice in the Watergate case.

In 1981, 6-year-old Adam Walsh was abducted from a department store in Hollywood, Fla., and was later murdered. (His father, John Walsh, became a well-known crime victims' advocate.) Movie director William Wyler ("Ben-Hur") died in Los Angeles at age 79.

In 1996, terror struck the Atlanta Olympics as a pipe bomb exploded at Centennial Olympic Park, directly killing one person and injuring 111. (Anti-government extremist Eric Rudolph later pleaded guilty to the bombing.)

Today's Birthdays: TV producer Norman Lear is 90. Actor Jerry Van Dyke is 81. Sportscaster Irv Cross is 73. Actor John Pleshette is 70. Singer Bobbie Gentry is 68. Actress-director Betty Thomas is 64. Olympic gold medal figure skater Peggy Fleming is 64. Singer Maureen McGovern is 63. Actress Janet Eilber is 61. Rock musician Tris Imboden (Chicago) is 61. Actress Roxanne Hart is 58. Country musician Duncan Cameron is 56. Comedian-actress-writer Carol Leifer is 56. Comedian Bill Engvall is 55. Jazz singer Karrin Allyson is 50. Country singer Stacy Dean Campbell is 45. Rock singer Juliana Hatfield is 45. Actor Julian McMahon is 44. Comedian Maya Rudolph is 40. Rock musician Abe Cunningham is 39. Singer-songwriter Pete Yorn is 38. MLB player Alex Rodriguez is 37. Actor Seamus Dever is 36. Actor Jonathan Rhys Meyers is 35. Actor Blair Redford is 29. Singer Cheyenne Kimball is 22.

Thought for Today: "We usually know what we can do, but temptation shows us who we are." - Thomas a Kempis, German theologian (1380-1471).