Today is Friday, Oct. 4, the 277th day of 2013. There are 88 days left in the year.

Today's Highlight in History:

On Oct. 4, 1957, the Space Age began as the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, into orbit. James R. Hoffa was elected president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters. The family comedy series "Leave It to Beaver" premiered on CBS.

Glancing Backward Locally:

25 years ago - 1988

Bradford County Treasurer Nancy Schrader was not the only one surprised by the lower-than-usual number of antlerless deer license applications received, the mailman was also surprised.

A full line-up of events was scheduled for Towanda's fourth annual Fall Foliage Festival at the airport grounds.

The Greater Valley Chamber of Commerce started its own Fall Foliage Festival.

50 years ago - 1963

Penelec's board of directors approved a management proposal to reduce residential electric rates.

The Towanda Ambulance Association held its annual election of directors.

E. Finley Carter, father of Everett Carter of Laning Creek Road, was presented the Department of the Army's Outstanding Civilian Service Award.

75 years ago - 1938

Superintendent W. Milton Roy of Towanda announced that Miss Pauline Billings of New Albany, assistant to Miss Katherine Howd in the home economics department of Towanda high School, resigned to accept a position with Pennsylvania State College.

Miss Helen Edwards, music supervisor of Towanda High School, organized a junior high school band, consisting of 24 members from seventh, eighth, and ninth grades.

Forty-four applications for relief were received at the office of the Public Assistance Board in Bradford County.

Elsewhere on this date:

In 1777, Gen. George Washington's troops launched an assault on the British at Germantown, Pa., resulting in heavy American casualties.

In 1822, the 19th president of the United States, Rutherford B. Hayes, was born in Delaware, Ohio.

In 1861, during the Civil War, the United States Navy authorized construction of the first ironclad ship, the USS Monitor.

In 1887, the International Herald Tribune had its beginnings as the Paris Herald, a European edition of the New York Herald.

In 1931, the comic strip "Dick Tracy," created by Chester Gould, made its debut.

In 1940, Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini conferred at Brenner Pass in the Alps.

In 1958, the first trans-Atlantic passenger jetliner service was begun by the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) with flights between London and New York.

In 1970, rock singer Janis Joplin, 27, was found dead in her Hollywood hotel room.

Today's Birthdays: Country singer Leroy Van Dyke is 84. Author Jackie Collins is 76. Actor Armand Assante is 64. Singer Jon Secada is 52. Singer-guitarist M. Ward (She & Him) is 40. Bassist Cubbie Fink (Foster the People) is 31. Actress Dakota Johnson is 24. Actor Ryan Scott Lee is 17.